Living Donor. Part of the liver is taken from a healthy, relatively young person (18-55 yr)generally first degree blood relative,who is willing to donate to save life of his or her dear one. 9 relationship have been defined as first degree by Govt law are spouse,parents,grandparents,brother,sister,children,grandchildren. If no suitable donor is available from first degree relations, second degree or distant relatives can be considered. Approval from appropriate authority and state committee are required for living donor liver transplantation.
Liver is the only solid organ that has capacity to grow and regenerate after it is cut and divided. In 3 months Liver grows back to almost 90% of its original volume. Before accepting any one as a donor a thorough medical check up with laboratory test along with heart, lungs check up is done. CT scan is done to make sure liver has enough volume for both donor and recipient. Only after thorough check up which also includes Psychologist and psychiatrist counseling , person is accepted as donor candidate