Gastrointestinal Disorders in Lockdown

Doctor:

The Lockdown intervals due to the pandemic have increased the incidence of GI diseases. The major reason behind the increase in these manifestations could be due to a sedentary lifestyle as people have to compulsory stay at home. This causes one to indulge in wrong eating habits primarily foods containing more fat content. In addition, trying varieties of dishes, and also an excessive intake with an excuse to increase one’s immunity just adds to the woes.

Weight gain which is most commonly noticed, as a result of a sedentary lifestyle and increased calorie intake is quite significant as well. All in all these dietary habits can take a toll on the GI system and can bring about a plethora of concerns.

Another major cause could be the heightened stress factor because of listening to negative news being broadcasted on the rise of covid 19 cases, deaths of including near and dear ones, unemployment financial crisis and mental insecurities, etc

All the above stated factors have thus contributed to different gastrointestinal disorders such as:

  1. Gastroesophageal reflux disease commonly presents as retrosternal and upper abdominal burning sour regurgitation, excessive belching, and less commonly as chronic cough.

2)Irritable bowel Syndrome which can present as abdominal bloating, cramping abdominal pain altered bowel habits (constipation, diarrhea, or both).

  • Functional Dyspepsia which can present as postpradial abdominal fullness or pain  

increased incidence was observed for the above-mentioned problems due to lockdown due to covid healthcare crisis.

As the saying goes prevention is better than cure and can be addressed in solving these GI problems as well.

  • One can focus on losing weight if overweight or obese which can definitely decrease chances of getting these GI issues.
  • A healthy mind lives in a healthy body, so physical fitness is important and can benefit patients suffering from functional gastrointestinal disorders such as Irritable Bowel syndrome, functional dyspepsia a lot.
  • A routine at home with indoor exercises should be followed if one cannot go outside including yoga with deep breathing exercises such as pranayama.
  • Hydration is extremely important and one should drink plenty of water, Diet should include fruits, green leafy vegetables (can have in the form of soups, salads), avoid excessive fatty food and high calory intake.
  • Take proper rest and get a good amount of sleep.
  • Monitor and decrease screen time (amount of time spent n mobile, tablet, laptop)apart from your work.
  • The most important remedy for all health issues is to develop a positive attitude, avoid thinking, and spreading negative news.

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