Wockhardt Guide on Periodental Disease

Signs and symptoms


  • Gums have healthy pink color
  • Gumline hugs teeth tightly
  • No bleeding


  • Gums bleed easily when you brush or when probed gently during examination
  • Gums are inflamed and sensitive to touch
  • Possible bad breath and bad taste
  • Gums between teeth may look bluish red in color

Early Periodontitis

  • Gums may begin to pull away from the teeth
  • Bleeding, puffiness and inflammation more pronounced
  • Bad breath and bad taste
  • Slight loss of bone, horizontally on x-ray
  • Pockets of 3-4mm between teeth and gums in one or more areas of the mouth.

Moderate Periodontitis

  • Gum boils or abscesses may develop
  • Teeth look longer as gums begin to recede
  • Front teeth may begin to drift, showing spaces
  • Bad breath, bad taste
  • Both horizontal and angular bone loss on X-ray
  • Pockets between teeth and gum range from 4-6mm deep

Advanced Periodontitis

  • Teeth may become mobile or loose
  • Bad breath, bad taste are constant
  • Roots may be exposed and are sensitive to hot and cold
  • Severe horizontal and angular bone loss on X-ray
  • Pockets between teeth and gum now in excess of 6mm deep
Three out of four people have warning signs of periodontal disease
  • Gums that bleed when you brush
  • Gums are red, swollen or tender
  • Gums have pulled away (receded) from teeth
  • Pus between teeth & gums when gums are pressed
  • Permanent teeth are loose or separating
  • Change in the way your teeth fit when biting
  • Any changes in fit of partial dentures
  • Persistent bad breath.
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