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Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the procedure of choice for the treatment of large or complex” renal calculi” commonly known as “renal stones”.

Patients are recommended PCNL when the urine low is blocked, pain due to presence of kidney stones, large size kidney stone unable to pass through urine, urine leakage, recurrent urinary tract infection due to kidney stones etc.

This technique is well established, with high rates of success and accepted morbidity. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy technique is in constant evolution.

In this surgical procedure the kidney stones are removed from the kidney by a small puncture wound (up to about 1 cm) through the skin using a tube.

The kidney puncture for gaining access to the collecting system is usually performed with the help of a fluoroscope. This procedure is usually done under general anaesthesia or spinal anaesthesia.

PCNL offers effective option for removal of large and complex stones in patients with minimal invasion. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy are safe with very low morbidity.

The usual hospital stay following successful l PCNL is around 3-4 days. However, the treating doctors shall determine the health status of the patient and shall advice accordingly.

The length of time the stent remains in place is variable.