Breast Reduction Surgery

Reduction mammoplasty (also breast reduction and reduction mammoplasty) is the plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size of large breasts. The indications for breast reduction surgery are three-fold — Reduction mammoplasty (also breast reduction and reduction mammoplasty) is the plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size of large breasts. The indications for breast reduction surgery are three-fold — physical, aesthetic, and psychological — the restoration of the bust, of the woman's self-image, and of her mental health. In a breast reduction surgery for re-establishing a functional bust that is proportionate to the woman's body, the critical corrective consideration is the tissue viability of the nipple-areola complex (NAC), to ensure the functional sensitivity and lactation capability of the breasts. In corrective practice, the surgical techniques and praxis for reduction mammoplasty also are applied in breast lift surgeries. Moreover, the correction of for, enlarged male breast-reduction surgical procedure, wherein there is no consideration of lactation capability.

Steps taken:

To remove tissue and skin from the breast, the surgeon first makes one or more cuts in the breast. After the excess tissue and skin have been removed, the skin is closed with stitches. Sometimes the nipple and areola have to be removed and repositioned.

Sometimes liposuction is used along with surgery. Breast reduction surgery is done in a hospital general anaesthesia. The surgery usually takes 3 to 5 hours. For smaller reductions, the surgery may be done with local anaesthesia.

Immediately after surgery, gauze is placed over the incisions, and the breasts are wrapped in an elastic bandage or supported with a special surgical bra. In some cases, there may be a small tube in each breast to help drain blood and fluid for the first couple of days. Stitches may be removed in 1 to 2 weeks.

Most women have some breast pain for the first few days after surgery and then milder discomfort for a week or longer. Medicine can help relieve the pain. Swelling and bruising may last for several weeks. Wearing a surgical bra 24 hours a day can help reduce swelling and support the breasts while they heal.

Patient can resume normal work and social activities within a couple of weeks, unless those activities involve heavy lifting or strenuous exercise. You may need to avoid more vigorous exercise and activities for 3 to 4 weeks or more. It's important to wear a bra that supports the breasts well, such as a sports or athletic bra.

Scars remain visible on the breasts after breast reduction surgery. Scars may fade over time, but they will not disappear.


Patients should always remember that breast reduction may make breast-feeding difficult or impossible in the future. Like any other surgery there are possibilities so pain, swelling, formation of lumps exist.Patient must discuss the pros and cons of the procedure prior to the surgery.


Reduction mammoplasty is corrective surgeries in male gynaecomastia or enlarged male breasts. For women, reduction mammoplasty is more for aesthetic and sexual appeal. It is also recommended for women with heavy breast who have medical problem with their back and the pressure become painful and unbearable and for the medical reason this surgery can be performed for pain relief.


I am a young unmarried woman. Can I go for breast reduction procedures?

Yes; you can undertake the reduction mammoplasty procedure for aesthetic appeal. However, it is important that you take the decision only if it is necessary to undertake this procedure. The procedure is safe but can affect the lactating glands and in future you may not be able to nurse your baby.

I am suffering from male gynaecomastia. How can I improve my condition to normalcy?

You should consult endocrinologist and andrologists who will medically treat your condition. Once your hormonal levels are normalised, if required to make your appearance improve you can undertake reduction mammoplasty to reduce the size of the enlarged breasts.

Do I have to hospitalise for the procedure?

Yes; this procedure needs hospitalisation, all prior investigation to rule out patient health status and confirmation that the patient can withstand the surgery and post recovery period.

When can I return to my work?

Good rest is recommended. Within 4 weeks following the surgery you can resume normal activities and return back to work.

Am I likely to lose my hair after this procedure?

No; there is no likelihood of you losing your hair after breast reduction procedure. Loss of hair has many different reasons.

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