Orthopaedic Oncology offers treatment for adults and children with musculoskeletal tumours. It evaluates many different types of disorders, including benign tumours, malignant tumours, bone tumours, soft tissue tumours and metastatic lesions. The specialists manage orthopaedic problems in oncology patients requiring specialised multidisciplinary care for bones and joint cancers. The objective of the treatment is to remove the cancerous tissues and prevent its further spread.
Advantage: Orthopaedic Oncology provides treatment for primary, malignant tumours, Osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, chordoma, and soft tissue sarcomas are some of the diseases treated.
What is a sarcoma?
A sarcoma is a form of cancer that develops in connective tissues or bone. There are many sub-types of sarcomas, with the two major categories being soft-tissue sarcomas and bone sarcomas. The major forms of soft-tissue sarcomas are formed in muscles, blood vessels, tendons, fat, and nerves in the arms and legs. Bone sarcomas most often occur in the legs, especially around the knee. There are many forms of bone cancers, but not all bone cancers are sarcomas.
Can a sarcoma or orthopaedic cancer be prevented?
There are no known ways to prevent the development of a sarcoma or orthopaedic cancers. Orthopaedic cancers most often result from other forms of cancer. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and getting regular check-ups are the best ways to reduce the risk for developing all forms of cancer.
How are orthopaedic cancers treated?
Treatment options depend on the stage of the cancer, as well as whether the cancer started in the bone or it has spread from another cancer in the body. If a tumour is developed in the bone, chemotherapy and surgery are the treatment options with radiation therapy before or after surgery.
Knee pain and arthritis and stiffness is treated with a variety of methods. This includes medications, physical therapy and exercises, weight loss methods and surgery to replace the worn out cushions between the joint spaces.
Total Hip Replacement (THR) is necessary when none of the other methods to correct a damaged hip is effective. In this operation the surgeon replaces the ball and the socket with metallic replacements and the cartilage with artificial joint material.
Elbow replacement is surgery to replace the elbow joint with artificial joint parts (prosthetics). The elbow joint connects two bones: humerus in the upper arm and ulna in the lower arm.
Limb lengthening and complex reconstruction of bone materials are today performed successfully by surgical intervention. Limb lengthening and reconstruction techniques are used to replace missing bone and lengthen and/ or straighten deformed bone segments.
Polytrauma describes multiple complex injuries of the brain and body typically caused by explosive blasts from car bombs, shells and flying shrapnel. The condition is commonly characterized by multiple head injuries, vision and hearing loss, nerve damage, multiple bone fractures, unhealed body wounds and infections - either of which can be life threatening.
Bone fracture surgery is a surgery to fix a broken bone using metal screws, pins, rods, or plates to hold the bone in place. It is also known as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery. Bone fracture surgery is used when a broken bone does not heal properly with casting or splinting alone.
Sports medicine refers to the branch of medicine that deals with illnesses or injuries resulting from participation in sports and athletic activities. Knee, leg, back, shoulder and hand injuries, as well as joint pain and stiffness, are a few of the common disorders treated.
Paediatric Orthopaedics is the study and treatment of growing bones, joints and muscles. Among the most-common conditions we treat are:
Total shoulder joint replacement surgery replaces the bones of the shoulder joint with artificial joint parts, and it’s an option to patients who suffer from joint dysfunction. This is usually the result of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, but rarely for those who have sustained severe trauma from a shoulder fracture.
Individuals who have undergone joint replacement, experienced a musculoskeletal injury, sustained bone trauma or have been diagnosed with a degenerative joint disease often have limited function and mobility, pain and other complications. The institute offers a comprehensive orthopedic rehabilitation program that includes medical, nursing and therapy care to...
Rheumatology includes clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and heritable connective tissue disorders. Many of these diseases are now known to be disorders of the immune system, and rheumatology is increasingly the study of immunology.