A stereotactic brain surgery is a surgical procedure where lesion, frequently a brain tumour, is removed with assistance of image guidance, that is previously obtained images (usually an MRI) are used to guide the surgeon to the exact location of the lesion to facilitate as accurate a pathway through the brain and safe removal of as much abnormal tissue as possible while leaving normal, healthy brain relatively intact. This technique uses images of the brain to guide the surgeon to a target within the brain. The term "stereotactic" was coined from Greek and Latin roots meaning "touch in space".
Advantage: Stereotactic surgery requires only a small incision and a hole less than 1/2 inch in diameter to be made in the skull.This is usually done under local anaesthesia. Because stereotactic brain surgery is "minimally invasive" many stereotactic surgeries can be performed on an outpatient basis.
What is the goal of the surgery?
The goal of this kind of surgery is typically to remove an abnormality seen on an MRI or CT scan. Since MRI and CT scans are very good at showing parts of the brain that are abnormal, they can assist in surgery on the brain to identify the safest way to traverse surrounding brain and remove as much abnormal tissue as possible while minimizing the disruption of surrounding normal healthy tissue.
How long will the patient stay in the hospital?
The surgery itself generally requires a 2-3 day stay, but because some patients will have other problems such as seizures, weakness, or coordination problems associated with their disease, additional hospital time may be needed to address or treat those problems separate from the surgery.
Are these stereotactic brain surgery routine?
Yes; these procedures are quite routine and have good success rates.
Most patients with neurological disorders are first examined by neurologist who has specialized training in the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of a wide variety of diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.
Microdiscectomy, also called Microlumbar Discectomy (MLD), is performed for patients with a painful lumbar herniated disc. Microdiscectomy is a very common, if not the most common, surgery performed by spine surgeons. The operation consists of
Surgery for skull base tumours results in a cure for many patients. For most of these patients, traditional open craniofacial surgery is the safest approach with the best chance of success. In recent years, however, endoscopy-assisted surgery, which leaves no visible scars, has been found to be effective for the resection of some skull base tumours.
A craniotomy is the most commonly performed surgery for brain tumour removal.
Brain tumors are abnormal growth or cancers within the brain. Earlier having a brain tumor meant awaiting certain death.
Brain surgery is an operation to treat problems in the brain and surrounding structures. Brain surgery may be necessary for patients with a range of neurological ailments. Two of the most common reasons patients require brain surgery are brain tumours and brain trauma. The surgeon makes a surgical cut through the scalp.
Surgical intervention is the primary treatment for brain cancers (tumours). Such procedures are intricate and need specialised techniques to remove the tumours without causing severe damage. Many benign (non-cancerous) tumours are treated only by surgery.
An Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVM) is a tangle of abnormal and poorly formed blood vessels (arteries and veins), with an innate propensity to bleed. An AVM can occur anywhere in the body, but brain and spinal AVMs present substantial risks when they bleed.
Brain aneurysm repair is a surgical procedure to correct an aneurysm, a weak area in a blood vessel wall that causes the blood vessel to bulge or balloon out and sometimes burst (rupture). It may cause:-Bleeding into an area around the brain-Bleeding in the brain that forms a collection of blood (hematoma)