Brain Tumor Treatment

Brain tumors are abnormal growth or cancers within the brain. Earlier having a brain tumor meant awaiting certain death. These days with advancement of therapy for brain tumors many can look forward to longer life spans with the diagnosis of brain tumors.Treatment for brain tumors includes surgery (minimally invasive), chemotherapy with anticancer drugs and radiation therapy.

I. Brain tumor surgery: Before the surgery the scalp area is cleaned and shaved. The scalp is cleansed with an antiseptic lotion before the operation. Detailed images of the tumor are obtained beforehand using CT scans and MRI scans of the head. The operation in most cases is performed under general anesthesia wherein the patient is rendered unconscious. 

Steps involved:

  • The surgeon makes an incision over the scalp. A hole is drilled into the skull. Sometimes a bone flap is lifted to expose a larger area of the brain for operation. In some cases the surgeon makes a smaller hole and inserts a tube with a light and camera on the tip. This is called an endoscope. The surgery will be done with tools placed through the endoscope. MRI or CT can help guide the doctor to the proper place in the brain. The tools are used to remove the tumor. This is a minimally invasive brain tumor surgery. 
  • The tumor may be removed manually or may be removed using the newer techniques such as lasers, stereotactic computers, cryosurgery, thermal killing machines, ultrasound, radiosurgery, the Gamma Knife, the X-Knife, photo irradiation, blood: brain barrier disruption, boron neutron capture, etc.
  • After the surgery the operative area is suctioned gently to remove the excess fluid and collected blood. A tiny tube is placed within the suture to drain off the excess fluid. The bone flap is sewn back using small metal plates, sutures, or wires. The skin is sutured and the area is bandaged.

II.Chemotherapy: These are anticancer medications required in brain cancers. Anticancer drugs may be given as injections and sometimes as tablets or capsules. Chemotherapy may be given during and after radiation therapy with or without surgery. Common side effects of anticancer drugs include nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal upset, anemia, bleeding tendencies, propensity for infections, hair loss, appetite loss, mouth ulcers, weakness etc.

III. Radiation therapy: This therapy uses high energy x-rays, gamma ray, or protons beams to kills brain tumor cells. Radiation therapy usually follows surgery. The radiation kills the remaining tumors cells after surgery. External radiation therapy involves delivering radiation using large X ray like machines of frequent and regular visits to the hospital.

Related Procedures
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    Spine surgery is traditionally done as "open surgery," meaning the area being operated on is opened with a long incision to allow the surgeon to view and access the anatomy. In recent years, however, technological advances have allowed more spine conditions to be treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique.

  • Endoscopic Spine Surgery

    Endoscopic Spine Surgery is a type of state-of-the-art surgery that uses small tubular system or micro incisions, assisted with an endoscope or microscope. This type of surgery provides patients with quicker recovery and less pain than traditional spine surgery. It preserves normal spine mobility because the spine is not fused with screws and rods.

  • Endoscopic Brain Surgery

    Surgery for skull base tumours results in a cure for many patients. For most of these patients, traditional open craniofacial surgery is the safest approach with the best chance of success. In recent years, however, endoscopy-assisted surgery, which leaves no visible scars, has been found to be effective for the resection of some skull base tumours.

  • AVM Surgery

    An Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVM) is a tangle of abnormal and poorly formed blood vessels (arteries and veins), with an innate propensity to bleed. An AVM can occur anywhere in the body, but brain and spinal AVMs present substantial risks when they bleed.

  • Cranioplasty and Craniotomy Surgery

    A cranioplasty is performed to correct a deformity or defect of the skull. The deformity/defect could be congenital, as a result of trauma or acquired for example after a previous surgery involving the skull. A craniotomy is the most commonly performed surgery for brain tumour removal.

  • Stereotactic Brain Surgery

    A stereotactic brain surgery is a surgical procedure where lesion, frequently a brain tumour, is removed with assistance of image guidance, that is previously obtained images (usually an MRI) are used to guide the surgeon to the exact location of the lesion to facilitate as accurate a pathway through the brain and safe removal of as much abnormal tissue as pos

  • Lumbar Fusion Surgery

    Lumbar fusion (Arthrodesis) is a major surgery performed to permanently join together two or more bones in the spine so there is no movement between them. These bones are called vertebrae. A lumbar fusion surgery is designed to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn should decrease pain generated from the joint.

  • Microdiscectomy Spine Surgery

    Microdiscectomy, also called Microlumbar Discectomy (MLD), is performed for patients with a painful lumbar herniated disc. Microdiscectomy is a very common, if not the most common, surgery performed by spine surgeons. The operation consists of

  • Lumbar Decompression Surgery

    Lumbar decompression surgery is a type of spinal surgery performed to treat some conditions affecting the lower back (lumbar spine) that haven't responded to other treatments. The main aim of this type of surgery is to improve problems affecting the legs, such as persistent pain and numbness, caused by pressure on the nerves in the spine.

  • Laminectomy Surgery

    Lamina is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. Laminectomy is surgery to remove the lamina. Laminectomy is also performed to remove bone spurs in the spine. The procedure helps to reduce the pressure off the spinal nerves or spinal cord.

  • Aneurysm Surgery

    Aneurysm repair is a surgical procedure to correct an aneurysm, a weak area in a blood vessel wall that causes the blood vessel to bulge or balloon out and sometimes burst (rupture). It may cause:-Bleeding into an area around the brain, heart, abdomen-Bleeding that forms a collection of blood (hematoma)

  • Non-Surgical Neurological Treatment

    Most patients with neurological disorders are first examined by neurologist who has specialized training in the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of a wide variety of diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.

  • Cervical or Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Treatment

    Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which places pressure on the spinal cord. If the stenosis is located on the lower part of the spinal cord it is lumbar spinal stenosis. Stenosis in the upper part of the spinal cord is cervical spinal stenosis.

  • Brain Surgery

    Brain surgery is an operation to treat problems in the brain and surrounding structures. Brain surgery may be necessary for patients with a range of neurological ailments. Two of the most common reasons patients require brain surgery are brain tumours and brain trauma. The surgeon makes a surgical cut through the scalp.

  • Neck Surgery

    Neck pain may be caused by disc degeneration, narrowing of the spinal canal, arthritis, and, in rare cases, cancer or meningitis. There are times when surgery is the best option for treating the medical condition responsible for the neck pain.

  • Back Pain Treatment

    Almost everyone will experience back pain at some point in their lives. This pain can vary from mild to severe. It can be short-lived or long-lasting. However it happens, back pain can make many everyday activities difficult to do.

  • Brain Cancer Surgery

    Surgical intervention is the primary treatment for brain cancers (tumours). Such procedures are intricate and need specialised techniques to remove the tumours without causing severe damage. Many benign (non-cancerous) tumours are treated only by surgery.

  • Spinal Cord Injury Treatment

    Spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of the back. It carries signals back and forth between the body and the brain. A spinal cord injury disrupts the signals. Spinal cord injuries usually begin with a blow that fractures or dislocates the vertebrae, the bone disks that make up the spine.