What is Dermatology?
Dermatology is a medical speciality that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair and nail. The speciality involves diagnosis of normal skin disorders to cancers, autoimmune disorders , cosmetic and ageing of the skin, fat, hair, nails and oral and genital membranes, and the management of these certain investigations and therapies.
What is the function of skin?
Skin is the largest organ of the human body and functions as:
1) Protect the internal organs from harmful external influences, such as bacteria, viruses, allergens, disease, sun, wind and rain.
2) Holds body fluids in and prevents dehydration
3) Sensory organ for external stimulations
4) Maintains your body temperature
5) Synthesis of vitamin D from the sun
What are the layers of the skin?
What are the types of skin conditions treated by a dermatologist?
What are the different modalities for skin treatment?
Discussing the symptoms and examining the skin. Sometimes, additional testing may be necessary. A variety of skin tests are available to help diagnose skin problems such as bacterial, viral, or fungal skin infections. A skin biopsy can be performed to tell the difference between rashes, malignant (cancerous) cells, and benign (noncancerous) growths.
Psoriasis is a skin disorder driven by the immune system, especially involving a type of white blood cell called a T cell. Normally, In the case of psoriasis, T cells are put into action by mistake and become so active that they trigger other immune responses, which lead to inflammation and to rapid turnover of skin cells.
Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet.
Treatment can include:
An area of skin may burn, itch, tingle, or feel very sensitive. This usually occurs in a small area on 1 side of the body. A rash then appears in the same area and turns into clear blisters. The blisters turn yellow or bloody before they crust over (scab) and heal. The patch of skin is very painful before the shingles appeared. The person may get a fever or headache with the rash.
Is a common skin disease caused by a virus? This virus easily spreads from person to person People can get moll scum by sharing towels and clothing. Wrestlers and gymnasts may get it from touching infected mats. Skin-to-skin contact also spreads the virus.
The exact cause of acne is not known, but one important factor is an increase in hormones called androgens. These male sex hormones increase in both boys and girls during puberty.
Also known as atopic dermatitis, this is a long-term skin disease. The most common symptoms are dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet.
Red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin, due to an allergic reaction to a drug or food usually some infections and stress. Hives are very common.
A skin infection caused by bacteria. The cause is due to a staphylococcal bacteria but sometimes streptococcus can cause it, too. It is most common seen in children between the ages of 2 and 6. It usually starts when bacteria get into a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch, or insect bite. Symptoms generally seen as a red or pimple-like sores surrounded by red skin. It is seen usually on your face, arms, and legs. The sores fill with pus, then break open after a few days and form a thick crust. Impetigo can be treated with antibiotics.
Moles are described as growths on the skin. It occurs when cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in a cluster with tissue surrounding them. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually until about age 40. Generally not cancerous in nature type of skin cancer. However you should examine the same in case they look unusual, grow larger, change in colour or outline, or in any other way.
A severe and potentially life-threatening skin cancer is called a Melanoma. Following are the criteria to be looked for when examining melanoma:
Treatment of melanoma maybe surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of those.
Is a condition where there is Dry and itchy skin. Rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet are common areas for dermatitis.
Frequent redness (flushing) of the face; small red lines under the skin; inflamed eyes/eyelids, a swollen nose, and thicker skin. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated and controlled.
A small, fleshy bump on the skin or mucous membrane caused by human papillomavirus.
A highly contagious fungal infection of the skin or scalp.
A contagious, intensely itchy skin condition caused by a tiny, burrowing mite.
The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms. Another type of skin cancer, melanoma, is more dangerous but less common.
Electrolysis is a hair removal options professionally performed electrolysis eliminates unwanted hair, permanently, with unsurpassed results. Moreover, it does so for the largest variety of skin and hair types. In medical electrolysis the devices destroy the growth centre of the hair by chemical or heat energy. After which a very fine probe is inserted into the hair follicle, the hair is removed with tweezers.
Cryotherapy is a procedure that uses extreme cold (liquid nitrogen) to destroy tissue. It's often used to treat skin lesions, which are skin growths or patches around them. Lesions that may be treated by cryotherapy include:
Laser treatment to help remove wrinkles is called a laser peel. Laser resurfacing reduces facial wrinkles and skin irregularities, such as blemishes or acne scars. The technique involves short, concentrated pulsating beams of light at irregular skin, precisely removing skin layer by layer.
Conditions were it is used: