Liver Cirrhosis Treatment

The liver plays a vital role in synthesis of proteins, detoxification, and storage. It participates in the metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates. When the tissues of the liver are damaged due to formation of scars, lumps, fibrosis resulting in the complete loss of liver functions it is known as Cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is an advanced liver disease and in most cases commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible known and unknown causes. Cirrhosis has many possible manifestations such as “yellowishness”, fluid retention in the abdominal cavity (ascites), secondary hypertension etc. The potentially life-threatening complications include hepatic encephalopathy (confusion and coma) and bleeding from esophageal varices. At this stage, cirrhosis is irreversible, and treatment usually focuses on preventing progression and complications. In advanced stages the only treatment option is a liver transplant.

Advantages: Screening of liver function regularly can help to diagnose possible liver failure. Ultrasonography is a simple method to diagnose any structural changes of the liver. In the initial stages, the preventive strategies can help reverse the failing liver.

FAQs:

How is cirrhosis diagnosed?

Cirrhosis is diagnosed based on the clinical, laboratory, and radiologic (ultrasound) findings. Alternatively, a liver biopsy can also be confirmed.

How can cirrhosis be prevented?

Key prevention strategies for cirrhosis and its compensation are population-wide interventions to reduce alcohol intake (through pricing strategies, public health campaigns and personal counseling), programs to reduce the transmission of viral hepatitis, and screening of relatives of people with hereditary liver diseases. Little is known on modulators of cirrhosis risk and progression.

Is cirrhosis of liver reversible?

Generally, liver damage from cirrhosis cannot be reversed, but treatment could stop or delay further progression and reduce complications.

Related Procedures
  • Gall Bladder Stone Treatment

    The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that rests beneath the right side of the liver. Its collects and concentrates bile the digestive liquid produced by the liver. Bile is released from the gallbladder after eating, aiding digestion. Bile travels through narrow tubular channels (bile ducts) into the small intestine.

  • Proctoscopy Test

    Proctoscopy is a common medical procedure in which an instrument called a proctoscope (also known as a rectoscope, although the latter may be a bit longer) is used to examine the anal cavity, rectum or sigmoid colon. A proctoscope is a short, straight, rigid, hollow metal tube, and usually has a small light bulb mounted at the end.

  • Polypectomy

    A polyp is a mass of tissue. The removal of a polyp is called a polypectomy. It is performed by using various instruments in the endoscopic procedures. Some polyps can develop into cancer. Most polyps are removed during a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. A polyp found on the left side of bowel, there is a higher chance of having polyps on the right side.

  • ERCP Procedure

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. Bile ducts are the tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine. Patient receives sedatives through an IV line.

  • Sigmoidoscopy Test

    Sigmoidoscopy is the minimally invasive medical examination of the large intestine from the rectum through the last part of the colon. Unlike colonoscopy which examines the entire colon, sigmoidoscopy examines only the distal part of the colon.

  • Colonoscopy Procedure

    Colonoscopy also known as coloscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel. It examines the entire colon a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. It provides a visual diagnosis for any ulceration, polyps and aids for biopsy or removal of suspected colorectal cancer lesions.

  • Bariatric Surgery

    Weight loss surgery helps people with extreme obesity to lose weight. Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. There are different types of weight loss surgery. They often limit the amount of food one can take and surgical procedures that affect digestion of food and absorption of nutrients.

  • Gastric Bypass Surgery

    Weight loss surgery helps people with extreme obesity to lose weight. Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. There are different types of weight loss surgery. They often limit the amount of food one can take and surgical procedures that affect digestion of food and absorption of nutrients.

  • Gastric Band Surgery

    Weight loss surgery helps people with extreme obesity to lose weight. Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. There are different types of weight loss surgery. They often limit the amount of food one can take and surgical procedures that affect digestion of food and absorption of nutrients.

  • GERD Treatment

    Gastroesophageal refers to the stomach and esophagus (food pipe). Reflux means to flow back or return. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), gastric reflux disease, or acid reflux disease is a chronic symptom of mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus.

  • Liver Treatment

    Liver surgeries include resection (removal) of all or a portion of the liver. It is also referred to as a hepatectomy, full or partial. A complete liver resection is performed in the setting of a transplant; a diseased liver is removed from a deceased donor (cadaver).

  • Appendix Operation

    The Appendix is a 3.5inch-long tube of tissue that extends from the large intestine. The function of the appendix is not yet fully understood, though one can live without it with no consequences. Appendicitis is a medical emergency requiring prompt surgical removal of the appendix.

  • Laparoscopic Surgery

    Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a modern surgical technique wherein operations are performed far from their location through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body. Pain and haemorrhage are reduced due to smaller incisions and recovery times are shorter.