Bleeding disorders are conditions that affect the way the human’s blood normally clots. The clotting process, also known as coagulation, changes blood from liquid to solid. When one is injured, their blood normally begins to clot to prevent a massive loss of blood. Sometimes, certain conditions prevent blood from clotting properly, which can result in heavy or prolonged bleeding.
Bleeding disorders can cause abnormal bleeding both outside and inside the body. Some disorders can drastically increase the amount of blood leaving body. Others cause bleeding to occur under the skin or in vital organs, such as the brain.
What Are the Symptoms of a Bleeding Disorder?
The symptoms can vary depending on the specific type of bleeding disorder. However, the main signs include:
• unexplained and easy bruising
• heavy menstrual bleeding
• frequent nosebleeds
• excessive bleeding from small cuts or an injury
• bleeding into joints
Blood cancers are broadly speaking of three types -leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.In most blood cancers, normal blood cell development process is interrupted by uncontrolled growth of an abnormal type of blood cell and bone marrow is affected.These abnormal blood cells, or cancerous cells, prevent the blood from performing many of its functions, like fighting
Blood clots are healthy and lifesaving when they stop bleeding. But they can also form when they aren't needed and cause a heart attack, stroke, or other serious medical problems like deep venous thrombosis.Some patients also have inherited disorders that can predispose to abnormal clot formation in the body.
Anaemia is a condition that develop when a human don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen in their tissues. In anaemia one may experience fatigue and weakness. There are many forms of anaemia, each with its own cause. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia but it accounts for only 50% of the burden of anemia.