Urology also known as genitourinary surgery is the branch of medicine that focuses on the surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs.
Endourology is a minimally invasive technique available to treat kidney stones. Stones may be extracted or fragmented using tiny instruments through natural body channels such as the urethra, bladder and ureter. Thin, flexible instruments including lasers, graspers, miniature stone retrieval are used to perform surgery without creating any incisions at all. The majority of endoscopic procedures can be done on an outpatient basis.
Endourological procedures include:
Advantage: Endourology is a safe and effective procedure. Recovery periods are minimal.
Do I have to stay at the hospital for days?
No; the hospital stay is reduced. The number of days are variable depending on the type of endourological procedure is recommended and performed on you.
Are there any risks with these procedures?
Splash injuries and bleeding are the known risks with this procedure.
Are there any diet restrictions prior to undergoing the procedure?
Water and fluid intake needs to be restricted 6 hours prior to the procedure. The doctor and his team shall give you some medication before the procedure.
The prostate gland plays an important role in both sexual and urinary function. It's common for the prostate gland to become enlarged as a man ages. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disorder in the elderly male. It is usually treated medically and with changes in life style.
Reconstructive urology is a highly specialized field of urology that restores both structure and function to the genitourinary tract. Prostate procedures, trauma (auto accidents, gunshot wounds, industrial accidents, straddle injuries, etc.), disease, obstructions, blockages (e.g., urethral strictures), can require reconstructive surgery.
The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other. Urologic oncology concerns the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as cancer of the prostate, adrenal glands, bladder, kidneys, ureters, testicles, and penis.
Paediatric urologists treat children (and occasionally adults) with reconstructive problems related to the genitourinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, vagina, genitalia).
Lithotripsy is a procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones in the kidney, bladder, or ureter (tube that carries urine from kidneys to the bladder.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the procedure of choice for the treatment of large or complex” renal calculi” commonly known as “renal stones”. This technique is well established, with high rates of success and accepted morbidity. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy technique is in constant evolution. Supine position has been proved as an acceptable option.
The kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood. Dialysis is a procedure that is a substitute for many of the normal duties of the kidneys. Dialysis can allow individuals to live productive and useful lives, even though their kidneys no longer work adequately.
A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine. Urinary stones are typically classified by their location in the kidney or by their chemical composition. Patient needs treatment when the stone causes discomfort and does not pass naturally with urine. Small...
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition of the aging men wherein the prostate gland grows in size. The cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not well understood; however, it occurs mainly in older men. It may compress the urethra and can impede the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra to the outside. Untreated prostate gland...
A kidney transplant is an operation that places a healthy kidney in patient’s body. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the failed kidneys of the patient. The main role of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood and convert them to urine. If the kidneys lose this ability, waste products can build up, which is potentially dangerous and...