What is Endoscopy?: Procedure and Types | Wockhardt Hospitals

What is Endoscopy?: Procedure and Types

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An endoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows a gastroenterologist to look at the interior lining of the oesophagus, stomach, and the first part of small intestine through a thin, flexible viewing instrument called a flexible endoscope An upper endoscopy is used to diagnose and, sometimes, treat conditions that affect the upper part of your digestive system, including the oesophagus, stomach and beginning of the small intestine (duodenum).

Indications for an Endoscopy

A gastroenterologist may recommend an endoscopy procedure to Investigate digestive signs and symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Endoscopy is also used to collect tissue samples (biopsy) to test for diseases causing bleeding, inflammation, diarrhea or cancers of the digestive system.

In the procedure for endoscopy a flexible endoscope special instruments can be passes through the endoscope to treat conditions in of digestive system, such as acidity, control of bleeding vessel or assistant in widening a narrow oesophagus due to strictures, removal off a polyp or a foreign object.

Advances in gastrointestinal fibre-optic endoscopic technology have made endoscopy mandatory for gastrointestinal diagnosis, therapy, and endoscopy surgery.

An endoscopy is sometimes combined with other procedures, such as an ultrasound to view organs.

What is the Endoscopy Procedure?

During an upper endoscopy process the patient will be asked to lie down on a table on his back or on his side. Sedation will be given for an anaesthetic will be sprayed in the mouth to numb the throat. The flexible endoscope which is a long, flexible tube (endoscope) is inserted in the mouth.

The doctor will ask the patient to swallow as the flexible endoscope scope passes down the throat and it then enters down your oesophagus. A tiny camera at the tip of the endoscope transmits images to a video monitor in the exam room. In the endoscopy procedure a gastroenterologist   watches the images on a monitor to look for abnormalities in your upper digestive tract.  Air pressure may be fed into the oesophagus to inflate the digestive tract which allows the endoscope to move freely, during the endoscopy procedure.

In cases of a surgical endoscope special surgical instruments are passes through the endoscope to collect a tissue sample or remove a polyp.

What is a Fluoroscopy?

Fluoroscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to view moving body structures .A continuous X-ray beam is passed through the body p being examined. . It enables a radiologist enables to view body skeletal, digestive, urinary, respiratory, and reproductive systems. Fluoroscopy is used as an imaging procedure to evaluate specific areas of the body, including the bones, muscles, and joints, as well as solid organs, such as the heart, lung, or kidneys.

Some other procedures where fluoroscopy is used as a supportive imaging tool is in fluoroscopy is as barium X-rays, cardiac catheterization, arthrography  to visualize joints of a joint , lumbar puncture, placement of intravenous (IV) catheters), intravenous pyelogram, hysterosalpingogram, and biopsies.

What is the Procedure of Fluoroscopy?

During the Fluoroscopy procedure a contrast substance (dye) is injected through an intravenous (IV) line in the hand or arm swallowed, or enema. The patient is positioned on the X-ray table. Depending on the type of procedure, a specific body part will viewed. The patient will be asked to hold his breath at intervals while the fluoroscopy is being performed. A special X-ray machine will be used to produce the fluoroscopic images of the body structure being examined or treated

What is Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP?)

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a medical and diagnostic procedure that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. .

The most common condition for advising an ERCP medical procedure is abdominal pain, weight loss, jaundice (yellowing of the skin), or an ultrasound or CT scan that shows stones or a mass in the pancreatic biliary duct system.

Diagnosis of Bile duct stones can be diagnosed and removed with an ERCP procedure.

Stretch out narrow segments in bile ducts due to strictures.

Diagnosis of tumors can be the diagnosis. ERCP can also be done before or after gallbladder surgery.

If you have any queries regarding any of these procedures or indications, please contact our centers at Wockhardt Hospitals.

Wockhardt Hospitals, a chain of tertiary care super-specialty hospitals has more than 25 years of experience in the creation and management of Super Specialty Hospitals in India.

We are a premiere hospital in the country specializing in the treatment of digestive disorders. We provide comprehensive digestive care to our patients. The digestive care centre at Wockhardt Hospitals makes it a centre for excellence with our clinical expertise, to treat such conditions affecting the digestive system.  For further information or any gastroenterology medical related query visit our experts at Wockhardt Hospitals.

Wockhardt Hospitals is regarded  as a centre of excellence the healthcare domain,  having facilities in North Mumbai (Mira road), South Mumbai (Mumbai Central), Navi Mumbai (Vashi), Nagpur, Nasik, Rajkot and Surat. Wockhardt Hospitals has state-of-the-art infrastructure. Our prime objective is patient safety and quality of care at all levels. The guiding philosophy is to serve and enrich the Quality of Life of patients and to make life win.

Types of Endoscopy

There are several types of endoscopic procedures, all functioning in the same basic way. Differences in the technicalities of the process include the specific body parts the doctor examines and the entry point for the scope. Following are the types of endoscopy procedures: 

  • Anoscopy: A scope is used to look into the rectum and anus through the anal opening.
  • Arthroscopy: A scope is employed to inspect the joint via an incision above it for damage or disorders, such as arthritis.
  • Colonoscopy: In a colonoscopy, the scope that goes through the anus allows examination of your entire large intestine or colon.
  • Bronchoscopy: A scope performs an internal examination through the mouth or nose, looking into the lungs and trachea.
  • Laparoscopy: A scope is used to see the reproductive and abdominal organs through an abdominal incision.
  • Ureteroscopy: A scope is passed into the urethra to evaluate the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys through the bladder, called the ureters.
  • Cystoscopy: A scope is used to examine the bladder and urethra, the tube that allows urine to exit your body.
  • Hysteroscopy: Uterus can be seen with a scope passing through the vagina.
  • Proctoscopy (Rigid Sigmoidoscopy): A scope opens and passes a fiber-optic camera through the anus to view the interior of the rectum or anus.
  • Mediastinoscopy: The scope looks into the region between the lungs, including the heart, esophagus, and windpipe (mediastinum), through an incision made above your breastbone.
  • Thoracoscopy or Peuroscopy: An incision of the chest is made to enable vision via a scope through the lungs and neighboring tissues, including the diaphragm, esophagus, as well as the walls of the chest.

FAQs on Endoscopy

Q. Why do I need an endoscopy?

Endoscopies are minimally invasive procedures, typically recommended to identify the underlying causes of digestive disorders and symptoms, as well as to treat specific conditions, such as acid reflux or persistent heartburn.

Q. What does the endoscopy test for?

During an endoscopy, tissue samples (biopsies) may be taken to check for illnesses causing symptoms like diarrhea, bleeding, anemia, or inflammation. It can also identify certain upper gastrointestinal malignancies.

Q. How long does endoscopy take?

Depending on the type of treatment, an endoscopy typically takes between thirty minutes and two hours. The majority of endoscopies do not require an overnight hospital stay; however, some patients may need to stay overnight. Most people can return home the day after their endoscopy, but others may require an overnight hospital stay.

Q. What are the risks of endoscopy?

Potential side effects from an endoscopy include bleeding, infection, and gastrointestinal tract rupture. Risks associated with sedation, such as allergic responses or breathing issues, may also occur.

Q. What is the recovery time for an endoscopy?

Upper endoscopy typically involves a short recovery time and causes minimal discomfort. The recovery period is often brief, lasting a few hours to a day or two after an endoscopy.

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