Best Hospitals For Spinal
Cord Injury Treatment

Health Checkup

What is Spinal
Cord Injury?

The spinal cord extends from the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column. It is protected by the spinal column, which consists of 33 vertebrae. The spinal cord comprises 31 segments, each associated with a pair of spinal nerves that convey sensory signals from the body to the brain and motor signals from the brain to the body.

Any trauma, injury, or physical impact to any spinal cord part or nerves at the end of the spinal canal may be referred to as Spinal Cord injury. These types of injuries can be fatal and cause permanent disability in the affected person.

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment

Renowned Spinal Cord Injury Treatment Surgeons
at Wockhardt Hospitals

Dr.Mazda Turel

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Mumbai Central

Dr.Mudit Khanna

Bone Fracture Surgery
Mumbai Central

Dr Ravi Gupta

Heart Care
Mumbai Central

Dr. Parin Sangoi

Heart Care
Mumbai Central

Dr Ashwin Borkar

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Mira road

Dr.Vinod Rambal

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Mira road

Dr Girish Bhalerao

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Mira road

Dr.Vinod Rambal

Cranioplasty and Craniotomy Surgery
Mira road

Dr. Rahul Zamad

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Nagpur

Dr. Kant Jogani

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Rajkot

Dr Jigarsinh Jadeja

Dr Jigarsinh Jadeja

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Rajkot

Dr. Abhishek Raval

Coronary Angiography
Rajkot

Dr. Varshit Hathi

Coronary Angiography
Rajkot

How can a Spinal Cord Injury occur?

A spinal cord injury can have several causes. Sometimes these injuries can occur due to accidents or degenerative conditions or even due to improperly performed medical procedures or surgeries. The most common reasons for spinal cord injuries include the following:

  • Birth defects
  • Birth injuries
  • Degenerative conditions like osteoporosis, arthritis, and degenerative disc disease
  • Diseases like tumors or cancer
  • Diving accidents
  • Falls
  • Gunshot wounds
  • Infections
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Sports injuries
  • Surgical complications
  • Trampoline accidents

What are the Different
Types of Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord injuries can be of the following two types:

  1. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury: In this injury, a degree of movement is retained below the level of the injury. In these cases, some level of connection between the brain and the body may still be maintained along certain neural pathways. Incomplete spinal cord injuries may further be divided into several categories. Some of these include:

    • Anterior cord syndrome
    • Brown-Sequard syndrome
    • Cauda equina syndrome
    • Central cord syndrome

  2. Complete Spinal Cord Injury: In this type of injury, there is complete sensation loss and movement below the level of the injury. This means that the person has no feeling or control of their limbs or other body parts below the point of injury. Such an individual may have paralysis in all four limbs or just the lower body.

Symptoms of Spinal Cord Injury

The symptoms would largely depend on the underlying cause of the injury and the extent of the damage. The symptoms may be severe in children or the elderly. If someone suspects they have a spinal cord injury or experience the following symptoms, they must seek immediate medical attention:

  1. Breathing problems
  2. Changes in sexual function or sensation
  3. Difficulty walking or maintaining balance
  4. Exaggerated reflexes or spasms
  5. Headaches or dizziness
  6. Loss of Bowel and/or bladder function
  7. Loss of feeling in the chest or limbs
  8. Loss of voluntary muscle movement in the chest or limbs
  9. Muscle weakness
  10. Numbness or tingling in extremities
  11. Pain or intense stinging sensation
  12. Reduced sensation to touch, temperature, or vibration
  13. Severe pain or pressure in the back or neck
  14. Unusual lumps along the spine.

Tests Before
Spinal Cord Injury Treatment

Before deciding on the treatment plan, doctors will need to determine the source of the injury as well as the impact of the damage. The treatment may also be affected by the medical history, age, health status, and current medical conditions of the patient. That is why doctors will perform a number of tests before planning for further treatment. These tests may include the following:

  1. Physical examination: This would help the doctors understand the pain as well as the level and severity of a spinal cord injury, which aids in determining the appropriate treatment plan.
  2. Imaging Tests: Imaging tests are critical in identifying the location and severity of the injury. These may include the following:

    • X-ray
    • MRI
    • CT Scan
    • Ultrasound
    • Bone scans
  3. Neurological Testing: In these types of physical tests, doctors assess the patient’s reflexes, sensations, and muscle strength to evaluate the extent of the spinal cord injury.
  4. Blood tests: This helps determine any current infections, clotting disorders, or ongoing medical conditions that may interfere with the spinal cord injury treatment.
  5. Urine tests: Urine tests can also help identify any urinary tract infections or other problems related to the kidney that may need to be addressed before treating the spinal cord injury.
  6. Electromyogram (EMG): An EMG test measures the electrical activity in the muscles to help understand the extent of the nerve damage.
  7. Somatosensory-evoked potential (SSEP) test: This test measures the electrical activity in the spinal cord in response to sensory stimulation and can help to diagnose the extent of spinal cord damage.

Spinal Cord injuries are serious types of injuries that require proper care and medical treatment to help individuals live normal lives. Pre-treatment testing is a crucial factor that helps doctors decide the ideal course of treatment and determine the long-term outlook for the patient.

Spinal Cord
Injury Treatment

Spinal Cord injury treatment is a complex set of procedures that will differ for every patient. The procedure requires a multidisciplinary approach and will depend on the extent of the damage that the individual has suffered. Treatment may include medications, surgery, rehabilitation, physical therapy, the use of neural prostheses (artificial body parts), and other modern forms of treatment to help patients live normal lives.

While a long-term treatment plan will be decided by the doctors after thorough evaluation and testing, an immediate course of action will aim at improving blood flow, preserving nerve function, and reducing inflammation.

Another important aspect of spinal cord injury treatment includes providing counselling and emotional support to the patient and his family members. Read below to find out the details of the procedure.

Before Procedure?

If you or your loved one just had a spinal cord, here is what you may expect:

  • Your medical history and current health status will be evaluated to assess the extent of the damage and determine the treatment plan. This would require a complete physical, neurological, and psychosocial evaluation.
  • The doctors will explain to you or your loved ones the type of injury you have had, the extent of the damage, how the injury will affect your life, and the possible forms of treatment.
  • You will also be given counselling and emotional support during the process.
  • Your family members may also be counselled about how to take care of you and your treatment in the future and how to cope with the situation.

Possible Forms of
Spinal Cord Injury Treatment

Spinal cord injury treatment will depend on several factors. These include:

  • The severity and location of the injury
  • The patient’s age and overall health status
  • The presence of other injuries or medical conditions
  • The patient’s neurological status and degree of paralysis
  • The time elapsed since the injury occurred
  • The availability of specialised medical facilities and equipment
  • The patient’s personal goals and preferences

How to Prepare
For a Fast Recovery?

Recovery from a spinal cord injury will differ for every patient. It can also be an overwhelming process for both the patient and his family members. To help in maximum recovery, patients and their loved ones are advised to follow the following:

  1. Have a positive outlook and do our best to follow the instructions provided by the doctors,
  2. Take all the medications as prescribed.
  3. If you are undergoing surgery, follow all the pre and post-operative recommendations.
  4. Eat well, try to follow a healthy lifestyle, and get enough rest.
  5. Consistently attending physical therapy sessions and following through with recommended exercises can help promote strength, flexibility, and mobility.
  6. Opt for counselling and other coping therapies provided by the hospitals.
  7. Talk to the doctors and explore other possible forms of treatment, including Electrical stimulation devices, electronic aids to daily living, modern wheelchairs, computer adaptations, etc.

It is important to follow the treatment plan recommended by healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcome. It is also equally important to not lose hope and avail of rehabilitation services for maximum recovery.

What are the Risks associated with
Spinal Cord Injury Treatment?

Spinal cord injuries can be devastating and can lead to disability and even death. Treatment may include medication, the use of devices, and surgery.

Like any medical intervention, there carry a risk of complications, including the following:

  1. Allergic reactions to anaesthesia or other medications
  2. Bleeding
  3. Blood clots
  4. Damage to surrounding tissues or nerves during surgery
  5. Inability to regulate body temperature or blood pressure
  6. Increased risk of heart or lung problems
  7. Infection at the site of surgery
  8. Loss of bladder or bowel control
  9. Loss of bladder or bowel control
  10. Paralysis in the arms or legs
  11. Loss of sensation or paralysis below the site of the injury
  12. Persistent pain
  13. Sexual dysfunction
  14. Spasticity, joint contracture
  15. Respiratory failure
  16. Death (in rare cases)

Talk with our expert

Talk with our expert

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The vision and leadership of Wockhardt’s founders have been instrumental in shaping the organisation’s ethos of providing high-quality and affordable healthcare services to patients worldwide. Read and listen to the heartfelt experiences of our patients as they share their stories about the exceptional care they received at Wockhardt Hospitals.

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Excellent facility with renowned Cardiologists like Dr Dharmesh R Solanki. Very humble doctors, and good staff. Value for money.

Meena Kothari

Excellent facility with renowned Cardiologists like Dr Dharmesh R Solanki. Very humble doctors, and good staff. Value for money.

 Life Wins Stories

The vision and leadership of Wockhardt’s founders have been instrumental in shaping the organisation’s ethos of providing high-quality and affordable healthcare services to patients worldwide. Read and listen to the heartfelt experiences of our patients as they share their stories about the exceptional care they received at Wockhardt Hospitals.

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FAQs

Rehabilitation may include speech therapy, physical therapy, and occupational therapy. Rehabilitation techniques after a spinal cord injury will usually be tailored to the individual’s specific needs and abilities.
While some alternative therapies may help with pain management, they are not a substitute for traditional medical treatment. Patients are advised to seek medical advice before opting for any alternative forms of treatment, as sometimes these can be counterproductive.
Yes, physical therapy is an important part of spinal cord injury treatment. It can help boost mobility, strength, and overall function, as well as prevent complications such as muscle atrophy and pressure sores.
The long-term outlook usually depends on the severity of the injury, but with appropriate treatment and rehabilitation, individuals with spinal cord injuries can lead fulfilling lives.