Myringotomy Surgery (Ear Tube
Surgery), Treatment & Cost in India

Health Checkup

What is
a Myringotomy?

Myringotomy is performed on the Tympanic membrane (also known as the eardrum. The surgery is performed by an ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) specialist to drain the fluid (which can be classified as serous, mucoid, or purulent) from the middle ear. It can be done in one ear or both. It is one of the most recommended surgeries to treat Otitis Media with Effusion, commonly called OME (acute and chronic). 

The procedure usually involves making a small incision with a Myringotomy knife. This provides direct access to the middle of the ear. It is usually done to restore hearing abilities caused by chronic fluid buildup, treat ear infections, and take sample fluid from the ear for lab tests.

Signs & Symptoms of Myringotomy

Myringotomy is more common in children than adults. Here are four signs that you need Myringotomy –

Causes of Medical Conditions that Require Myringotomy

Myringotomy is done to improve hearing ability, balance, treat infections, and remove fluid inside the ear. Here’s what causes these medical conditions-

Damage to the inner ear can be caused due to increasing age and loud noise. This causes wear and tear on the hair of the nerve cells in the cochlea that send signals to the brain. When these hairs are damaged, they fail to send an electrical signal to the brain, causing hearing loss.

After ear infection treatment, fluid remains in the middle ear for a few days, which might cause a blockage. The buildup can cause bacteria to grow and be trapped inside the ear, leading to ear infections.

Drinking water while lying on your back and a sudden increase in air pressure can also cause blockage of Eustachian tubes.

Types of Myringotomy

The following are the types of Myringotomy performed as per their procedural approach –

Diagnosis Performed for
Myringotomy

If you are suffering from ear problems, our doctors at Wockhardt Hospitals perform a test using an Otoscope instrument. The following are the tests done before a Myringotomy –

Blood Test – By measuring the blood level of the protein Prestin, a simple blood test can identify inner ear injury and estimate the degree of hearing loss. It is also done to rule out any autoimmune diseases.

Tympanometry – This examination measures the flexibility of your eardrum. Audiologists may perform tympanometry tests to check for a ruptured eardrum, fluid in the middle ear, or wax in the ear canal.

How is
Myringotomy Surgery Performed?

The primary aim of a Myringotomy surgery is to enable the drainage of fluid that has become trapped in your middle ear. This substance may be blood, pus, or water. Myringotomy is performed for chronic fluid accumulation and middle ear inflammation due to the following reasons –

Here’s how Myringotomy surgery is done –

Before
Procedure

Before the surgery, you will be called for a final consultation, where the doctors will discuss the condition and what to expect after the surgery. On the day of the surgery, you are supposed to visit the hospital before time in case additional tests are needed. Generally speaking, the evening before your Myringotomy procedure, you shouldn’t eat or drink anything after midnight. Additionally, you’ll need to bring along a reliable friend or family member to pick you up and drop you off at your appointment.

Young teens, kids, and newborns need a brief general anesthetic before the surgery, and adults can have the Myringotomy technique done as an outpatient operation using phenol and topical Lidocaine.

After
Procedure

The patient is given antibiotic ear drops following surgery. After the procedure, the patient is called for a follow-up visit. The best antibiotics can be chosen using cultures that were obtained after surgery. Tympanostomy tube placement should be done in addition to Myringotomy for children with effusions or otitis media resistant to Myringotomy alone. Usually, the tympanic membrane heals on its own. If otitis persists, a second Myringotomy or the placement of ear tubes may be necessary. After a Myringotomy procedure, your ear may feel congested. Your hearing may not get better immediately; this is a common adverse effect.

You will receive comprehensive postoperative instructions from your surgeon. You must strictly adhere to the following recommendations to guarantee a successful recovery. Generally, you ought to –

After Treatment, How to Recover Fast?

You will be able to return home that day. After one to two days, you should be able to resume your regular activities—aside from swimming. You should also be able to quickly return to your normal activities with the support of regular exercise. Also, avoid bathing without earplugs. Before exercising, seek guidance from the medical staff or your doctor. The Myringotomy tube will naturally dislodge in your ear after 6 to 18 months, depending on the grommet’s construction and composition.

Risk Factors for
Myringotomy

Generally, the risks or possible complications after this surgery are very low at Wockhardt Hospitals, as we have the most experienced surgeons working in conjunction with a multidisciplinary team of medical experts. Typical risk elements include-

Talk with our expert

 Life Wins Stories

The vision and leadership of Wockhardt’s founders have been instrumental in shaping the organisation’s ethos of providing high-quality and affordable healthcare services to patients worldwide. Read and listen to the heartfelt experiences of our patients as they share their stories about the exceptional care they received at Wockhardt Hospitals.

Paresh Vyas

Excellent facility with renowned Cardiologists like Dr Dharmesh R Solanki. Very humble doctors, and good staff. Value for money.

Meena Kothari

Excellent facility with renowned Cardiologists like Dr Dharmesh R Solanki. Very humble doctors, and good staff. Value for money.

 Life Wins Stories

The vision and leadership of Wockhardt’s founders have been instrumental in shaping the organisation’s ethos of providing high-quality and affordable healthcare services to patients worldwide. Read and listen to the heartfelt experiences of our patients as they share their stories about the exceptional care they received at Wockhardt Hospitals.

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FAQs Myringotomy Surgery in India

Myringotomy involves a small incision, which makes it a less invasive surgery. It is done to relieve ear infection that causes pain and irritation.

There are a lot of possible advantages of Myringotomy. Myringotomy, for instance, can –

  • Lower ear infections.
  • Restore hearing loss brought on by fluid accumulation.
  • Reduce ear pressure and pain.
  • Boost your equilibrium.
  • Children’s academic & speech development.

Pain is eliminated during Myringotomy surgery by anesthesia. However, you can feel some minor discomfort or pain after your surgery. To relieve discomfort, take over-the-counter painkillers. Your surgeon may also administer numbing ear drops. Take all drugs exactly as prescribed.

The surgical procedure known as Myringotomy carries considerable hazards. Potential issues include:

  • Ear canal damage that requires surgery.
  • Damage to your eardrum.
  • Bleeding excessively.
  • Infection.
  • Draining over time.
  • Sensitivity to anesthesia.
  • A non-healing, permanent hole in your eardrum.
  • Eardrum hardening, which may lead to hearing issues.

When fluid buildup in the middle ear, myringotomies are carried out on both adults and children. There are several potential causes, including –

  • Severe or persistent ear infections
  • Injury-related ear bleeding
  • Changing air pressure causes ear pain
  • A torn eardrum