Sports Medicine

Sports Medicine

Sports medicine is a branch of medicine dedicated to the health and well-being, in addition to the optimal functioning of sportspersons. It features a convergence of medical science and athletic performance. It’s a dynamic field involving the treatment of sports injuries, prevention of injuries, methods to optimise performance, rehabilitation of patients, and physical fitness of individuals involved in sports and  physical activities. The landscape of sports medicine is evolving extensively worldwide and across India.

Renowned Sports Medicine Doctors
at Wockhardt Hospitals

Dr Mohit M Kukreja

Sports Medicine

Dr Sarang Deshpande

Sports Medicine
Mira Road

What is Sports Medicine?

Sports medicine is a branch of medicine dealing with the healthcare requirements of athletes and those involved in exercises or other physical activities. Sports medicine aims to provide comprehensive diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of sports and exercise-related injuries. 

Sports medicine also involves ways to enhance performance for athletes and sportspersons, in addition to methods to improve endurance and promote their physical well-being in general. It involves a multidisciplinary approach, where doctors, trainers, and athletes come together to improve the athletic performance of an individual.

Types of Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are of several types. It is important for athletes, sportspersons, or other active individuals to understand the different types of sports injuries and how they manifest to be able to seek the most effective treatment for them. Based on the nature of the injury, sports injuries are broadly categorised into acute and chronic injuries.

Acute Injuries

Acute injuries occur as a result of a sudden trauma or impact. Some common acute sports injuries include:

Chronic Injuries

Chronic injuries are injuries that develop over time due to overuse or repetitive stress on a particular part of the body. Some common chronic sports injuries include:

Diagnosis in Sports Medicine

Effective diagnosis is essential for any sports-related injury and is often the first step of the treatment process. It helps healthcare professionals diagnose the condition accurately, rule out underlying conditions and tailor a personalised treatment plan for the patient. To diagnose a sports injury, the doctors resort to a combination of tests and assessments. Here’s what the diagnostic process comprises:

Treatments in Sports Medicine

The treatments offered in sports medicine are diverse. Treatment comprises both conservative and non-conservative or surgical approaches. The choice of treatment is based on the diagnosis and the nature and severity of the injury, in addition to the patient’s age and overall health. Here are the different treatment approaches in sports medicine:

Conservative Approaches

Advanced Interventions


Rehabilitation plays a pivotal role in the treatment process and enhances the patient’s recovery after a sports injury. Rehabilitation involves specialised programs to restore strength, flexibility, and functionality. Rehabilitation typically includes:

Sports Medicine Specialists

The field of sports medicine involves a collective effort of various specialists in providing diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for a range of sports injuries. All these specialists come together to provide the best solutions to individuals seeking care.

All these specialists come together to provide all-round care to athletes and ensure their physical well-being in general.

Sports Medicine in India

In India, there has been a significant boost in sports participation and interest over the years. This has, in turn, led to an increase in the demand for sports medicine. The field of sports medicine is growing exponentially in India, and the country is now witnessing state-of-the-art healthcare facilities dedicated to providing specialised services for athletes and active individuals. Hospitals also have dedicated departments for sports medicine and doctors with expertise in this branch of medicine. Sports medicine in India focuses on providing effective management of sports injuries, preventive measures, performing optimisation solutions, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle for athletes. Services can be sought at dedicated sports medicine centres and even renowned hospitals. 


In India, sports medicine is extended to all athletes, irrespective of the kind of sports or physical activities they’re in. These services are offered to individuals of all ages. Sports medicine is a dynamic field that offers support and care to athletes and individuals who are into sports and other physical activities. With the growth in sports medicine, active individuals now have easy access to treatment and rehabilitation facilities, and can easily optimise their performance.

Prevention of Sports Injuries

There are several things an individual can do to prevent sports injuries from occurring in the first place. Here are some ways to prevent sports injuries:


Sports medicine is highly beneficial for athletes, sportspersons, and other active individuals and their overall well-being. It is dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of a diverse range of sports injuries and allows athletes to maximise their outcomes. At Wockhardt Hospitals, we have a dedicated sports medicine department, comprising state-of-the-art diagnostic, treatment, and rehabilitation facilities, and a team of expert sports medicine specialists. To consult with our doctors, reach out to our team today.

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FAQs Sports Medicine

For a sports injury, you must see a healthcare professional who specialises in Sports Medicine. You can consult Sports Medicine Physicians, Orthopaedic Surgeons with expertise in sports medicine or Physical Therapists with expertise in sports-related injuries. These specialists can offer a comprehensive assessment and a customised treatment plan specific to your injury.

You should consider seeing a specialist for a sports injury if:

  • You can see a visible deformity in the affected area.
  • You have significant pain and swelling in the affected area.
  • You are finding it difficult to bear weight or use the injured area.
  • The pain refuses to get better after self-care
  • You are experiencing recurrent injuries or ongoing discomfort during physical activity.

Yes. Non-athletes can also consult sports medicine specialists. Sports medicine is not exclusive to athletes only. Anyone engaged in physical activities, including recreational sports enthusiasts or individuals with active lifestyles, can consult with a sports medicine specialist. Sports medicine professionals provide diagnosis and treatment for several musculoskeletal issues, promoting overall health, injury prevention, and rehabilitation for individuals, irrespective of their activity levels.

Yes. Nutritional advice is an important part of sports medicine. Nutritionists or dietitians specialising in sports nutrition work closely with sports medicine professionals to provide personalised treatment plans for patients.

Yes. Even if you are not an athlete but engage in intense physical workouts at the gym, you can consult with a sports medicine specialist. These specialists can be helpful in providing solutions for the management of workout-related injuries, optimising training regimens, and offering preventive strategies to minimise the risk of injuries associated with your gym workouts.