Kidney Failure
Dialysis in India

What is Kidney Dialysis?

Kidney dialysis is a treatment for people who have failing kidneys. It is a procedure that can help people with end-stage renal disease to improve their quality of life. Patients who are at risk for certain medical complications, such as the elderly or those who have other underlying medical disorders, face more serious kidney-related issues. Kidneys are responsible for removing harmful and excess fluid and turning products into urine. However, people with kidney conditions often require dialysis procedures on regular schedules. 

Kidney Dialysis

Renowned Kidney Dialysis Surgeons
at Wockhardt Hospitals

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Why is Kidney Dialysis Done?

Kidney dialysis is required if your kidneys are not functioning properly. For example, if you have a progressive chronic kidney condition, you might be unable to clean the blood properly. Without dialysis, the affected kidneys may have a toxic build-up of fluid and waste by-products. This toxic build-up can cause severe health complications, which might result in death.

Thus, dialysis must filter out toxic and unwanted substances and fluid from the blood and keep the body functioning properly. 

For better treatment, it is important to choose the best dialysis hospital in India, and the most preferred choice among patients is the Wockhardt Hospital.

What are the Advantages of Kidney Dialysis?

The following are the advantages of kidney dialysis:

Types of Kidney Dialysis

There are two main types of kidney failure dialysis performed:

Peritoneal Dialysis

In Peritoneal dialysis, a cleansing fluid flows through a tube into the stomach area. The inner line of the abdomen works as a filter and removes waste from the blood. After a particular time, the accumulated fluid is filtered out of the abdomen and thrown out. This dialysis can be done at home, work, or even while traveling. You can do the dialysis yourself or ask your healthcare provider to send a medical professional to help you with the procedure at home. 


Hemodialysis is one of the most commonly used types of dialysis. A tube is connected to the patient’s arm through a needle during this procedure. The blood travels through the tube to an external machine composed of a dialyzer. It is a filter that has a semipermeable membrane. The device generates a gradient of counter-current flow that allows the dialysate fluid and blood to move in opposite directions. The dialysate fluid then receives the waste products previously present in the blood. Having hemodialysis done is a great responsibility, but you don’t have to shoulder it all alone. Your healthcare provider will help you go through the procedure. 

Tests Done Before Kidney Dialysis

Below are the tests done before kidney dialysis:

  1. Urine Test

Urine tests check the protein leak in the blood (proteinuria). There are two types of urine tests done to check the protein leak:

  1. Blood Tests

Doctors will also use blood tests to confirm any kidney disease, showing how well the kidney performs. Below are some of the blood tests used to determine kidney health:

The doctor might also ask to do imaging tests and a kidney biopsy to check for any sign of damage to the kidney – as it is one of the most crucial organs in the human body.

How is Kidney Dialysis Performed?

Kidney dialysis is performed in two ways:

Before Procedure

Before hemodialysis, the doctor will perform minor surgery to easily access the bloodstream. The surgery can either be

Before peritoneal dialysis, the surgeon will perform minor surgery to insert a soft, thin tube through your belly and into the peritoneal, where the catheter (thin tube) stays permanently.

During Procedure

During hemodialysis, the machine does the following:

This is what happens during peritoneal dialysis:

After Procedure

After hemodialysis, you might experience low blood pressure and feel nauseous, dizzy, or faint. Other side effects of the procedure are:

After peritoneal dialysis, you might feel your belly full or bloated, which can be uncomfortable. You can consult your nephrologists or kidney doctor to alleviate any post-procedure complications.

Recovery after Kidney Dialysis

Kidney failure dialysis is not a major procedure. Thus, there is no recovery period required in this case. However, you must take care of the minor surgery to insert the catheter. Your doctor will advise on certain do’s and don’ts. Also, they will advise you on how to take care of and do your at-home or in center dialysis.

What are the Risks and Complications of Kidney Dialysis?

While kidney dialysis has many advantages and benefits, it has certain risks and complications. Some of the common risks associated with kidney failure dialysis are as follows:

FAQs on Kidney Dialysis

When kidney function falls below 10-15% of normal, a person is said to have end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the last stage of kidney failure. Dialysis is usually advised in these cases. By now, the kidneys are unable to eliminate waste and extra fluid from the body; dialysis is required to carry out these essential tasks.

For those with kidney disease, dialysis is essential, but there are some side effects to be aware of. Frequent sessions can result in anaemia, low blood pressure, exhaustion, and cramping in the muscles, even if it helps in the body’s removal of waste and extra fluid. Nonetheless, many people are able to retain a decent quality of life with the right management and care.

If you start dialysis in your late 20s, you can expect to live for more than 20 years or more. However, for adults over 75, you can survive for 2 to 3 years. Also, the survival rate for people on dialysis has improved over the last few days and is expected to continue improving with the advancement of technologies.
Typically Dialysis costs around INR 2000 – INR 2500 for each session. The cost of dialysis also depends on the type of dialysis and the duration.
Kidney dialysis procedure is painless. However, there are a few complications that a patient might experience, such as – nausea, cramps, vomiting, and headaches. But these complications can be avoided by taking precautions & being careful, as advised by the doctors.
Many cases of acute kidney failure have been reversed. After treating the underlying causes, the kidneys usually start working within several weeks to months.
You must get dialysis three times a week for at least 3-5 hours. People doing dialysis at home can have more flexible timing and do it daily. If done daily, you would only be required to get dialysis for 2 – 2⅖ hours.