Total Hip Replacement
Surgery in India
Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Total Hip Replacement (THR) surgery or Total Hip Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to help people suffering from chronic hip pain. The procedure involves replacing the total hip joint with prostheses (implants). THR can be a blessing for people suffering from debilitating hip pain that miserably affects the quality of their lives. At Wockhardt Hospitals, Total Hip Replacement Surgery has a very high success rate, with most patients experiencing significant pain relief and improved mobility after the procedure.
Who Needs Total
This procedure is typically recommended for patients who are experiencing significant hip pain or dysfunction that is interfering with their daily activities and quality of life.
Common conditions that may require total replacement include the following:
Doctors may recommend replacement if the patient has persistent hip pain and stiffness that is affecting their life and medications and other forms of treatment are not effective.
The decision to undergo replacement is typically made after a thorough evaluation by our healthcare providers, including a physical exam, imaging studies, and a review of the medical history & symptoms.
Benefits of Total
Hip Replacement Surgery
The surgery may sound like a scary procedure. However, it has been proven beneficial for people who have been suffering from hip pain or hip dysfunction for a long time, especially when medications, physical therapy, or lifestyle modifications have not helped.
Some major benefits of Surgery include the following:
Different Types of
Total Hip Replacement
The choice of surgery is affected by several factors, including the amount of dysfunction, age of the patient, bone density, activity level, and other medical conditions. After a careful evaluation, the doctors may recommend any of the following types of hip operations:
- Cemented replacement: In this type of surgery, the prosthetic components are secured to the bone using bone cement. Cemented replacements are often used for older patients with weaker bones.
- Uncemented replacement: In this type of surgery, the prosthetic components are made with a porous surface that allows the patient’s bone to grow into the implant, securing it in place. Uncemented replacements are often used for younger patients with stronger bones.
- Hybrid replacement: This surgery combines cemented and uncemented techniques. The femoral component is usually cemented in place, while the acetabular component is left uncemented.
- Minimally invasive replacement: This surgical technique may be preferred for patients who cannot undergo open surgery. It causes less trauma and has a shorter recovery period.
- Robotic-assisted replacement: This is one of the latest techniques available for replacement. It is another type of minimally invasive hip surgery in which robotic arms are used by the experienced surgeon to perform the procedure, improving its accuracy and precision.
- Custom replacement: In this type of surgery, the prosthetic components are made specifically for the patient’s anatomy using advanced imaging technology. This can result in a more accurate fit and improved outcomes.
Tests Before Total Hip Replacement
As mentioned, patients need to undergo a thorough evaluation process before doctors decide on a particular hip surgery treatment plan suitable for their condition. Here are some common tests that candidates may need to go through before the procedure:
Physical Examination: The surgeon will thoroughly examine the hip joint to evaluate the range of motion, strength, and stability. This may include the following:
- The examination will involve a visual inspection of the hip for deformities, swelling, skin color changes, or redness.
- The surgeon will also touch and feel the hip to check for warmth or coolness and assess for any sensations the patient feels.
- The range of motion of the hip will be evaluated, and the surgeon will listen for any sounds made by the joint.
- The patient will be asked to move the hip joint to check its mobility.
Imaging Tests: Imaging tests help doctors understand the extent of the damage to the knee and the requirements of the surgery. These may include the following:
- X-ray; used to determine the extent of the damage and the need for surgery.
- MRI; helpful in providing detailed images of the structures inside the hip joint
- CT Scan; beneficial in allowing for a more precise evaluation of the joint’s condition.
- Ultrasound; mostly used to evaluate the hip joint’s soft tissues, such as tendons and ligaments, and assess for fluid accumulation or inflammation.
- Bone scans; help to detect any areas of bone damage or abnormal bone growth around the hip joint.
Additional Pre-operative Testings: These tests are done before a surgical procedure to assess the patient’s overall health, identify any underlying medical conditions that may affect the surgery, and optimize outcomes for the patient. Some of these tests include:
- Blood tests: These are done to evaluate the current medical status of the patients and the presence of any issues like anemia, infection, or clotting disorders.
- Urine tests: These are also done to check for the presence of any infection and/or check for proper kidney function.
- ECG: Any issues with the heart can complicate the surgical procedure. Therefore an ECG may be performed to identify any potential risks during the surgery.
- Pulmonary Function Tests: Optimal lung function is also an important marker to make someone eligible for surgery. These tests help evaluate any issues with lung functioning that may increase the risk of complications during the surgery.
Not every patient will have to go through each of these diagnostic tests. Based on individual conditions, patients may need to go through some or all of the above-mentioned tests. Some patients may need additional testing to evaluate if they are eligible for surgery.
What is the Procedure for
Total Hip Replacement Surgery?
Surgery of total hip arthroplasty is usually recommended for patients who are not benefiting from medications, lifestyle recommendations, and other forms of treatment. It is a major surgery that involves removing a damaged or diseased hip joint and replacing it with an artificial joint or prosthesis.
Surgery can be performed using traditional, minimally invasive, or robot-assisted methods. The choice of surgical procedure for replacement will depend on several factors and is decided by the surgeon on a case-to-case basis.
The surgery aims to relieve pain, restore joint function, & improve the quality of life for individuals with severe hip joint damage or disease by removing the diseased or damaged hip and replacing it with hip implants or hip prostheses made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials.
If you are about to undergo a procedure, here are a few important things to know:
Here is what a typical straightforward replacement procedure may look like:
After the procedure, you will be shifted to a recovery room, where you will be carefully monitored. A few hours later, you will be shifted to your hospital room until doctors deem you fit for discharge. Here is what to expect during your postoperative hospital stay:
How to Prepare for
a Quick Recovery?
Recovery may look different for every patient after receiving hip implants in a hip surgery procedure. To ensure that you recover efficiently and quickly, it is imperative you follow the surgeon’s pre-operative instructions, such as stopping medications that may increase the risk of bleeding or other complications. Before surgery, you must engage in pre-operative exercises recommended by the surgeon or physical therapist to improve joint strength and flexibility. Once the surgery is done, it is vital to arrange for post-operative care, such as transportation home, help with daily activities, and follow-up appointments with the surgeon and physical therapist.
Overall, it is crucial to adhere to post-operative care instructions, including medication management, wound care, and physical therapy, to ensure a successful recovery.
What are the Risks Associated
With Hip Replacement Surgery?
The surgery has high success rates with minimal complications reported. However, it is major surgery and may carry a certain risk of complications, including the following:
Physical therapy exercises are typically recommended for at least 3-6 months following the surgery. This may vary for each patient.
Hip implants or hip prostheses can last a lifetime for patients. In general, most artificial hip joints can last 10 to 20 years or more. However, this may be affected by factors such as the patient’s age, activity level, and the type of implant used.
Yes, you may be required to limit your movement as instructed by the physical therapist for some time after surgery. The therapist will instruct you on regaining mobility and using the joint correctly during recovery.
Most patients can resume normal activities shortly after total surgery. However, following your doctor’s instructions and avoiding high-impact activities that could damage the hip implant is important.